Retificação e Filtragem.



AC - oscillation
sine wave



AC - DC 
1/2 Wave without center tap


half-wave rectification




AC - DC
Full wave without center tap

full wave rectification
 

 

AC - DC  
Full wave
with center tap



 


Formule RMS AC to PEAK DC ( V MAX )

1/2 Wave

AC RMS 12V  -  0,55 V silicon    x   \scriptstyle \sqrt{2}  = PEAK DC 16,19 V  ( + V MAX )  capacitor voltage

Full wave
AC RMS 12V
  -  1,1 V silicon    x   \scriptstyle \sqrt{2}  = PEAK DC 15,41 V   ( + V MAX )  capacitor voltage